22. Jul, 2017

BLOG 17-156TH ANNIVERSARY OF BULL RUN

Battle of Bull Run

This week celebrates the 156th anniversary of the first Battle of Bull Run, also called the Battle of Manassas, two battles of the American Civil War fought in Virginia near Bull Run, a small stream about 48 kilometres (about 30 miles) southwest of Washington, D.C.

The First Battle of Bull Run, the earliest important engagement of the war, was fought on July 21, 1861, between a Union army of about 30,000 under the command of General Irvin McDowell and a Confederate army of about 22,000 commanded by General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. Both sides were ill-trained for war, but a Union order to blockade the South and public pressure in the North led to a march, accompanied by many spectators, toward the Confederate capital at Richmond. At Bull Run the Union troops encountered the Confederate forces coming from their base at Manassas, about 4.8 kilomtres (about 3 miles) south of the stream. The 5-hour battle began with a Union assault resulting in a Confederate retreat to Henry House Hill. There, a part of a brigade commanded by General Thomas Jonathan Jackson held back the Union troops until 9000 reinforcements under General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived. The Union general Robert Patterson had earlier failed to retain Johnston, and the combined Confederate force easily routed the Union army. The stubbornness of his defence earned for Jackson the nickname Stonewall. Although the flight of the Union army did not end until the troops reached Washington, the Confederate forces were too disorganized to pursue. The Union army lost about 2900 men killed, wounded, captured, or missing; the Confederates, about 2000. The Confederate victory encouraged the South and spurred the North to greater effort. The battle, demonstrating as it did the effectiveness of the Confederate army, changed the status of the conflict from a rebellion to a civil war.

Johnny Horton made the famous in his song-The Battle of Bull Run

 

The sun shown bright and clear that day

 We all left Washington

 To lick the Rebel boys in grey

 At the Battle of Bull Run

 

 They came from Pennsylvania and some from Maryland

 To see the Rebel boys get spanked by Honest Abe's broad hand

We said we'll run ‘em to Atlanta and to Galveston Bay

 But they ran us back to Washington and Philadelphia

 And Philadelphia

 

The ladies wore their brightest shawls

 The gentlemen were gay

 They came to see their Yankee boys WHIP old Virginia

 I held my momma's hand and skipped

 When a soldier said to me

 Would you rather have Jeff Davis' hat or the sword of Bobbie Lee

 

We said we'll run ‘em to Atlanta and to Galveston Bay

 But they ran us back to Washington and Philadelphia

 And Philadelphia

 

And then the general doffed his hat and said let's rest a spell

 Before the first and we all heard that awful rebel yell

 The waters of Manasas creek became a ruby red

 Many a Reb and Yankee boy lay in the willows dead

We said we'll run ‘em to Atlanta and to Galveston Bay

 But they ran us back to Washington and Philadelphia

 And Philadelphia

 

 A fight locked in the jest of time too horrible to tell

 Virginny's true green countryside became a lake of hell

 Don't count your chicks before they're hatched

 Or you'll work until it's done

 Remember yes remember long the Battle of Bull Run

 

We said we'll run ‘em to Atlanta and to Galveston Bay

 But they ran us back to Washington and Philadelphia

and Philadelphia