18. Nov, 2017


Bernard Montgomery

Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976), British military leader who played a prominent role in the Allied victories in Africa and Europe during World War II (1939-1945). Bernard Law Montgomery was born in London and educated at the Royal Military College. He entered the British army in 1908 and served in World War I (1914-1918) as a captain. In 1942, during World War II, he was appointed commander of the British Eighth Army in Africa; two months later he began an offensive at Al ‘Alamayn (El ‘Alamein), Egypt, which resulted in the expulsion of the German-Italian forces under the German General Erwin Rommel, first from Egypt and then from Cyrenaica and Tripolitania in Libya. In 1943 he gained another victory over Rommel at the Battle of the Mareth Line in southern Tunisia. As commander in chief of the British armies on the western front, he served under the supreme commander of Allied forces, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, from December 1943 to August 1944, when he was promoted to field marshal in command of British and Canadian troops. In 1946 Montgomery was created Viscount Montgomery of Alamein and made chief of the imperial general staff. He was deputy supreme commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces from 1951 to 1958. His writings include his memoirs, published in 1958, and The Path to Leadership (1961).